Clinical Trials

Overview

The University of Cincinnati cancer clinical trials office offers discovery-driven clinical treatments for adult cancer patients affected by all types of cancer: brain, breast, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, gynecologic, head and neck, leukemia, lung, lymphoma, melanoma and multiple myeloma, among others.

 

Clinical trials are the last step in a carefully regulated, detailed scientific process that starts in a laboratory in cells or tissue and are then tested in humans—oftentimes years later and always after strenuous review.

 

Medical studies are supervised by a local physician and look at every stage of disease, from first diagnosis to advanced disease. All are designed to find, diagnose, treat or prevent cancer.

 

There are four basic types of clinical trials:

  • Treatment trials test a new approaches to medical treatments such as surgery, radiation therapy and new medications as well as different combinations of existing treatment or new methods, such as gene therapy.
  • Prevention trials seek to stop cancer from ever developing through the use of preventive vitamins, minerals or medications.
  • Screening trials are aimed at finding cancer earlier through imaging or blood tests. The goal is to detect cancers in early stage development when they are typically more treatable.
  • Quality of life/supportive care trials focus on ways of helping people with cancer deal with the complications of treatment—both mental and physical. These may include things like sexual desire or fatigue.